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Strategy for salvage pedicle screw placement: A technical note

Shunsuke Fujibayashi, MD, PhD,1 Mitsuru Takemoto, MD, PhD,1 Masashi Neo, MD, PhD,2 Shuichi Matsuda, MD, PhD1

1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan

Abstract 

Background

Salvage surgery for failed lumbar spine fusion with a loosened pedicle screw is challenging. In general, the strategy includes replacement with larger and longer pedicle screws, augmentation with polymethylmethacrylate cement or hydroxyapatite granules, and extension of fused segments. The purpose of this study is to introduce a new technique for pedicle screw replacement after failed lumbar spine fusion.

Methods

Five salvage operations were performed using a different trajectory (DT) pedicle screw replacement technique based on 3-dimensional radiological information. Position of the alternative pedicle screws was planned carefully on the computer screen of a computed tomography-based navigation system before the operation. To obtain sufficient initial stability, 1 of 2 techniques was chosen, depending on the patient. One technique created a completely new route, which did not interfere with the existing screw hole, and the other involved penetration of the existing screw hole.

Results

DT pedicle screws were replaced successfully according to the preoperative plan. In all patients, bony union were achieved at the final follow-up period without any instrument failure. Extension of the fused segments could be avoided by using the DT pedicle screw replacement technique combined with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion.

Conclusions

The DT pedicle screw replacement technique is a treatment option for salvage lumbar spine surgery.

Clinical relevance

The current technique is a treatment option for salvage operations that can both avoid extension of a fused segment and achieve successful bony union.

keywords: 
Pedicle screw, Salvage surgery, Spinal fixation
Volume 7
doi: 
10.1016/j.ijsp.2013.03.002