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Endoscopic Trans-iliac Approach to L5-S1 Disc and Foramen – A Report on Clinical Experience

Said G Osman, MD, FAAOS, FRCSEd (ortho), Sandeep Sherlekar, MD, Atif Malik, MD, Charles Winters, MD, PK Grewal, MD, Malini Narayanan, MS, MD, Nigussie Gemechu, MS

American Spine, Germantown, MD

Abstract

Background

The lumbosacral junction is a difficult area for spine surgery because of the complex anatomy. In the era of minimally invasive spine surgery, the presence of the iliac wing has, at the level of lumbosacral junction, created a major obstacle in the paths of two of the major approaches, namely, the direct lateral and percutaneous posterolateral endoscopic approaches. A trans-iliac cadaver study published by the senior author and co-workers in 1997, suggested the possibility of an alternative approach to the lumbosacral junction.

Purpose

To determine the feasibility of percutaneous, endoscopic trans-iliac approach to the L5-S1 disc and foramen

Study Design

Prospective case series study.

Materials and Methods

15 consecutive patients undergoing the transiliac approach to L5-S1 disc and foramen were included in the study. Pre- and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS); Oswestry Disability Index (ODI); and intra-operative blood loss and operative time, were obtained for the study. Preoperative MRI or CT scan was used to determine the need for trans-iliac access. The procedure was performed with the patient in prone position and under monitored sedation for decompression. Endotracheal anesthesia was used for fusion cases. The transiliac access was established with a cannulated drill or core drill through the iliac wing. Once the trans-iliac window had been created, the rest of the procedure proceeded as for percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal decompression and fusion.

Results

15 patients (9 male and 6 female) participated in the study. The VAS for back and leg pain significantly improved in all patients. The ODI dropped by more than 50%. There was minimal blood loss, and transient post-operative dysesthesia in 2 cases which resolved after 3 weeks.

Conclusion

Endoscopic trans-iliac approach to the L5-S1 disc and foramen is feasible and safe. Decompression can be performed safely via trans-iliac access with minimal blood loss, and in a short operative time.

keywords: 
Percutaneous, Endoscopic, trans-iliac, trans-foraminal, Iliac crest
Volume 8 Article 20 - Endoscopic & Percutaneous Special Issue
doi: 
10.14444/1020