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Percutaneous interspinous distraction device for the treatment of lumbar spinal canal stenosis: Clinical and radiographic results at 2-year follow-up

Wicharn Yingsakmongkol, MD, Chaiyos Chaichankul, MD, Worawat Limthongkul, MD

Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the effectiveness of the In- space (Synthes, Umkirch, Germany) and the correlation between radiographic parameters and clinical outcome in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSS).

Methods

Between June 2009 and May 2013, 56 patients with LSS underwent In-space by one senior surgeon. All of the patients were evaluated both clinically and radiographic measurements before the procedure and each visit at the postoperative follow-up. Preoperative and postoperative X-ray imaging was performed before the procedure and at follow-up to assess the correlation with the clinical outcome. Radiological measurements and clinical outcomes were recorded to establish a relationship between the radiographic parameters and clinical outcome of this procedure. All patients had at least 2 years of follow-up.

Results

The mean VAS score of back pain decreased significantly (p<0.05).

Conclusions

Our data suggest that percutaneous interspinous devices are a good alternative to treat LSS. The device offers significant decrease in back pain, leg pain and ODI score with 2-year lasting relief from symptoms. The increased intervertebral foramenal space explains the improvement of leg pain, but the mechanism of back pain relief remains unclear. A very weak correlation between the radiographic changes and improvement of pain was found.

keywords: 
visual analogue scale (vas) score, oswestry disability index (odi) score, percutaneous interspinous device, Lumbar spinal canal stenosis
Volume 8 Article 32
doi: 
10.14444/1032