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Hybrid Decompression and Fixation Technique for the Treatment of Multisegmental Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

Barón Zárate-Kalfopulos MD, Walter Araos-Silva MD, Alejandro Reyes-Sánchez PhD, Luis Miguel Rosales-Olivarez MD, Armando Alpizar-Aguirre MD, Francisco Lopez Melendez MD

Spine Surgery Service, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación, México

Abstract

Background

Cervical spondilotic myelopathy (CSM) is defined as the compromise of the spinal cord due to degenerative changes of the cervical spine. It is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in patients over 55 years. An early surgical management it is paramount to achieve better neurological outcome. There is still controversy regarding the appropriate surgical treatment for multisegmental CSM involving three or more levels. The hybrid decompression and fixation technique combines one or two level corpectomy and a single level discectomy in order to obtain optimum decompression and fixation in patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy

Methods

A prospective case-control study was made between 2011 and 2013. A total of 15 patients with diagnosis of CSM received surgical treatment with an anterior hybrid decompression and fixation technique procedure. Inclusion criteria were myelopathy confirmed by radiographic studies, magnetic resonance image (MRI) and electromyography.

Results

During the 2010-2013 period 15 patients were managed by hybrid decompression and fixation technique. Average age 64.8 years SD9.4. The follow up period was 29.6 SD ± 9.8 months. The JOA score improved significantly to 13.8 +/- 1.9 points at follow-up (paired t test, P = 0.001) , Nurick Scale preoperative was 3.3 and improved to 2.4 mean, was significantly (Wilcoxon signed rank test p=0.006) The mean C2-C7 lordosis angle was 10.8º +/- 8.9 before surgery, and 14.3° +/- 8.8 at follow-up, there was no significant loss of lordosis angle between the preoperative and follow-up measurements (Wilcoxon signed rank test, P =0.149); At follow-up, graft non fusion was seen in 1 patient (7%, k=1);

Conclusions

In this small number, single surgeon, prospective series the use of a single level corpectomy and an adjacent discectomy was shown to provide similar outcomes and complication rates as alternative surgical techniques. The authors thus consider this a viable surgical alternative with some perceived advantages, a low rate of complications and a high rate of spinal fusion.

Level of Evidence: IV. This study was approved by the authors' Institutional Review Board and all patients were given informed consent prior to participation in the study.

keywords: 
Anterior cervical fixation, Anterior Cervical Decompression, cervical myelopathy, multilevel cervical stenosis
Volume 10 Article 30
doi: 
10.14444/3030